" Guide to Buying a Home" has been prepared by Royal LePage
Real Estate Professionals to offer you practical information about the
buying process. It outlines steps that you and your Real Estate
Professional will follow during your search for the ideal home.
* Purchasing a home involves one-time costs and monthly expenses.
* The largest one-time cost is the down payment. It usually
represents between 5-25% of the total price of the property.
* In addition to the actual purchase price, there are a number of other
expenses that you might be expected to pay for.
* Having a pre-approved mortgage will give you confidence of knowing
exactly what you can spend on a home before you start looking. You will
also be protected against interest rate increases while you look for your
* Your Mortgage Specialist will answer your questions and help you
determine which financing terms and options are right for you. Your
Mortgage Specialist and Real Estate Professional work as a team to help
you find the right home and select the best financing.
* Once you've found the home you want to purchase, there are some
documents you'll probably be asked for in order to finalize your
financing. They will include:
1. A copy of the real estate listing of the property. If the home is still
to be built, the mortgage lender will need to see the architect's or
builder's plans and details on lot size and location.
2. A copy of the offer to purchase or the building contract, if this
document has been prepared.
3. Documents to confirm employment, income and source of pre-
* If you have a Pre-Approved Mortgage, it's a simple matter of
finalizing a few details which your Mortgage Specialist will explain to
Depending on local market conditions, your opinion of value or the price
you offer may be different from the seller's asking price.
The deposit shows your good faith and will be applied against the
purchase of the home when the sale closes. Your Real Estate Professional
can advise you on a appropriate amount.
Includes the total price offered and the financing details. You may
arrange your own financing or ask to assume the seller's mortgage,
especially if it has an attractive interest rate.
These might include "subject to home inspection", "subject to you
obtaining financing" or "subject to you selling your property".
5. Inclusions and Exclusions
These might include appliances and certain fixtures or decorative items,
such as window coverings or mirrors.
6. Closing or Possession Date
Generally, the day the title of the property is legally transferred and the
transaction of funds finalized unless otherwise specified (except in
Manitoba and Quebec). Note: In B.C. the Possession Date is legally 1 to 3
days after the closing.
* When it comes time to make an offer, your Real Estate Professional can
provide current market information and will assist you in drafting your
* Your Real Estate Professional will communicate your offer, sometimes
known as an Offer To Purchase, to the seller, or the seller's
representative, on your behalf. Sometimes there may be more than one
offer on a property coming in at the same time. Your Real Estate
Professional can guide you through this process.
* The offer can be Firm or Conditional.
-Firm Offer To Purchase; usually preferable to the seller, because it
means that you are prepared to purchase the home without any
condition. If the offer is accepted, the home is yours.
-Conditional Offer To Purchase: means that you have placed one or more
conditions on the purchase, such as "subject to home inspection",
"subject to financing" or "subject to sale of buyer's existing home." The
home is not sold until all the conditions have been met.
In the province of Quebec, this is referred to as a "Promise To Purchase."
* Your Offer To Purchase will be presented as soon as possible. The
seller may accept the offer, reject it, or submit a counter-offer.
* The counter-offer may be in reference to the price, the closing date, or
any number of variables.
* The offers can go back and forth until both parties have agreed or one
of you ends the negotiations.
* A legal professional is there to represent your interests and to process
the legal documentation required.
* Your Real Estate Professional can provide you with the names of legal
professionals who specialize in real estate.
* The legal process differs from province to province. Your Real Estate
Professional or legal professional will advise you on the steps to be taken
before the keys to your new home are presented to you.
* Having the property inspected by a qualified home inspector will give
you the added confidence that you've made the right decision (costs
* When the procedure is complete, you may wish to ask for a full
written report plus estimated costs for any necessary repairs.
1. Book the Movers:
*You can choose to have your movers pack everything, or just the
breakables, or you can pack yourself. It is a good idea to obtain
estimates from several different companies.
2. If You Own Your Present Home:
*Arrange to have your gas, water, and electric meters read on the day
you leave and have the bills forwarded to your new address.
*Have the oil tank read and filled before your sale closes, and provide a
receipt to your legal professional if required.
*If the water heater or furnace is rented, arrange for a transfer of the
rental agreement to the purchaser.
*Disconnect your telephone, cable TV, and water softener.
3. If you Rent Your Present Home:
*Give the necessary written notice to your landlord and make
arrangements for the return of any money you have on deposit.
4. At Your "New" Home:
*Make arrangements for the gas and electric utilities, water softener,
telephone, and cable TV to be connected on the day the sale closes.
*Get the "Change of Address" cards from the post office and send out well
before moving day.
*Have the post office forward your mail to your new address.
*Cancel any contracted services and pre-authorized cheques.
*Inform gardening, dry cleaning, garbage pickup, newspapers,
magazines, and other home services. Arrange for services at your new
*Cancel or transfer social, athletic, civic, religious, or business affiliations,
*Arrange for transfer of medical, dental, prescription, and optical records.
*Change the address on your driver's license(s) effective the day of the
*Collect all items out for cleaning, repair, or storage, e.g. dry cleaning.
*Make special arrangements for the moving of perishables, such as
*Make special arrangements for the moving of your pets.
*Safely dispose of all flammable liquids as it is illegal for movers to carry
The actual number of years it will take to pay back your mortgage loan.
An estimate of the value of the property. Conducted for the purpose of
mortgage lending by a certified appraiser. This appraisal is not to be
confused with a building inspection, or comparative market analysis.
Allows the buyer to take over the seller's mortgage on the property.
A mortgage that locks you into a specific payment schedule. A penalty
usually applies if you repay the loan in full before the end of a closed
The owner has title to a single unit, as well as a share in the common
elements such as elevators or surrounding land.
A common payment among owners which is allocated to pay expenses.
A mortgage loan issued for up to 75% of the property's appraised value
or purchase price, whichever is less.
The buyer's cash payment toward the property. The difference between
the purchase price and the amount of the mortgage loan.
The difference between the home's selling value and the debts against it.
A mortgage that exceeds 75% of the home's appraised value. These
mortgages must be insured for payment.
The value charged by the lender for the use of the lender's money.
Expressed as a percentage.
LAND TRANSFER TAX, DEED TAX, OR PROPERTY PURCHASE TAX:
A fee paid to the municipal and/or provincial government for the
transferring of property from seller to buyer.
The end of the term, at which time you can pay off the mortgage or
The person or financial institution that lends the money.
Applies to high-ratio mortgages. It protects the lender against loss if
the borrower is unable to repay the mortgage.
MORTGAGE LIFE INSURANCE:
Pays off the mortgage if the borrower dies.
Allows partial or full payment of the principal at any time, without
A mortgage option that enables borrowers to take their current
mortgage with them to another property, without penalty.
Qualifies you for a mortgage before you start shopping. You know
exactly how much you can spend.
Voluntary payments in addition to regular mortgage payments.
The amount borrowed or still owing on a mortgage loan. Interest is
paid on the principal amount.
Paying off the existing mortgage and arranging a new one or re-
negotiating the terms and conditions of an existing mortgage.
The length of time the interest rate is fixed. It also indicates when the
principal balance becomes due and payable to the lender.
Legal ownership in a property.
A mortgage with fixed payments, but fluctuates with interest rates.
The changing interest rate determines how much of the payment goes
towards the principal.
VENDOR TAKE-BACK MORTGAGE:
When the seller provides some or all of the mortgage financing in order
to sell their property.